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An Open letter to the United Nations, the Leaders of the Free World and Mr. Keating

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Let me start with the fact that Somaliland territory is inviolable, never to be broken, infringed, or dishonored, inalienable, absolute, untouchable, unalterable, unchallengeable, unbreakable, impregnable and, therefore, shall not be trespassed upon. The territory of Somaliland nation is inviolable, and shall not be trespassed and whoever tries to violate it will be dealt with severely.

Many Somalilanders Including myself believe that Mr. Michael Keating, the United Nation special representative of Somalia/Somaliland is part of the Somaliland and Puntland conflict and we have many reasons to believe this, the first example is the fact that when he was in Garoowe recently, he had the guts to say that Somaliland army needs to move back from their god given boundary, On top of that he never expressed his objection against the attacks and the innocent people dying from both side of the border.
We are extremely concerned about this. How on earth he can utter such words when he knows where the border lies. Keating, whom I believe is part of the conflict has never expressed his protest against the aggression that Somalia is threatening the peace and stability of the entire region. I strongly denounce the behavior of Keating for not being neutral in this situation and once again I try to recall him that the UN has failed to understand the complexity of the situation on the ground and the legal argument of Somaliland.

We will not allow anyone to undermine or destabilize the hard worn peace and stability of Somaliland

Problem number one is Farmaajo

Farmaajo tried his luck when he presented an ultimatum condition to the Saudis who were trying to mediate between Somalia and UAE, those conditions were that UAE cancels all agreements with Somaliland, which he claimed was part of Somalia, meaning DP WORLD Berbera agreement and Berbera UAE military base agreement which was impossible to be cancelled by both UAE and Somaliland. That was Farmaajo plan A and now he is trying his plan B which is to attack and cause problems for Somaliland which he failed so far.

Somaliland is a country that existed since 1960, Somaliland have every right to do whatever that suits the country, we will also sign other numerous investment agreements from UAE, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and any other interested countries for wide cooperations and investments, therefore, Farmaajo, Keating and Gaas can explode.

This is NOT a skirmish of a weak and failed state.

Farmaajo and his hooligans with very deep tribal and expansionist tendencies are collecting an army and young children and steering a tribal conflict.

Farmaajo should concentrate on abolishing these five or six regional states that he failed for their restraint.

But NO…he is executing the dream of his uncle AFWEYNE.

1974 Afweyne in collaboration with his tribal uncles moved thousands of Somaliland clan out of their state, claiming there was a terrible drought there, but, ended up putting them in concentration camps with military guards, just like the Germans did in WWII.

These camps were in an area infested with mosquitoes, poisonous snakes and scorpions. Thusly, if one doesn’t get them the other would. These camps were; Dujuma, Sablale, Kurtin Warey and Baraawe.

The plan was to take over the whole Somaliland territories and move inward with his tribal uncles and brothers. But the people broke out and moved back home to start a new life.

What came after was the bombing of Hargeisa and destroying life in BURCO and Berbera and Caynabo and even kill innocent nomads who did not know what was going on.
For years, our people lived in camps in Ethiopia and the rest of us who could afford to flee started scattering all over the globe, unfortunately in 1988 few thousands of SNM men came and overcame the mighty Somali army who were classed as the strongest army in Africa
And so our people came back and started building the country from the ashes.

Today we have a democratic and a beautiful country and a better life which was made with blood and sweat.

Now Farmaajo is making the same bloody mistake that his uncle AFWEYNE took, he is sending dozens of weapons and money to Puntland from Mogadishu and Jubaland. The strange part is that they have come out into the open and are getting together to try and complete their uncle’s dream. This guy in Jubaland even collected an army recently and wanted to send them to Puntland to help them attack to Somaliland but the Ethiopians found out and blocked them from traveling to Puntland. Just last week a full ship of ammunitions and heavy weapons came to Boosaaso port by Farmaajo.

Last week I viewed a video from our Jigjiga neighbors insulting Somaliland and claiming that Jigjiga to Laasqoray belongs to them where Puntland is also claiming Sool and Sanaag regions of Somaliland

To my understanding surrounding the above combined scenarios from Jubaland, Puntland and Jigjiga, this is an expansionist hidden agenda of the mentioned trio, but,thanks that we possess an excellent fifty thousand well trained strong armed forces and five million people who will not hesitate to support and defend this great nation once again as we did defend before with a few thousand men with little weaponry or ammunitions, We are fortunate enough to know and understand their agenda today and are ready for it.

Also Abdiweli Gas is the problem number two for this conflict and the reason for this is the fact that his term in office is finishing or coming to an end soon and therefore seeks a second term in the office, the people of Somaliland and Puntland region of Somalia has always maintained a good relation together and the two people used to cross the borders with no fear and full of confidence

The Republic of Somaliland is bordered by the Gulf of Aden to the north; Somalia to the east; the Federal Republic of Ethiopia to the south and the west; and the Republic of Djibouti to the north west. The territory of the nation is inviolable, and shall not be trespassed upon.

 

SOMALILAND INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARIES

The international boundaries of the Republic of Somaliland are set out in Article 2  of the Somaliland Constitution as follows:

“Article 2:

The Territory of the Republic of Somaliland
1. The territory of the Republic of Somaliland covers the same area as that of the former Somaliland Protectorate and is located between Latitude 8’ to 11’ 30’ north of the equator and Longitude 42’ 45 to 49’ East; and consists of the land, islands, and territorial water above and below the surface, the airspace and the continental shelf.
2. The Republic of Somaliland is bordered by the Gulf of Aden to the north; Somalia to the east; the Federal Republic of Ethiopia to the south and the west; and the Republic of Djibouti to the north west.
3. The territory of the nation is inviolable, and shall not be trespassed upon.”

Since 1991, the REPUBLIC OF SOMALILAND sets out clearly the international boundaries which were delineated under a series of international agreements.

Briefly, the international boundary between Somaliland and Ethiopia was based on the 1887 agreement between Britain &  reached Ethiopia. The Treaty consisted of a formal convention of six Articles and annexures containing, among other things, an exchange of notes, which, according to Article 2 of the Treaty shall determine  the frontiers of the “British Protectorate on the Somali Coast”.   The exchange of notes took place during the same year and the final letters were annexed to the treaty by 8 December 1887. A boundary demarcation commission met in January 1932, and started the work on the ground setting up boundary lines, roads and bollards. but on its independence on 26 June 1960, the new Constitution of the independent STATE OF SOMALILAND defined the territory of Somaliland as “all that territory which, on the commencement of the Constitution, is comprised in Her Britannic Majesty’s Protectorate of Somaliland” (s. 2(1)). The Somaliland – Ethiopia boundary,  runs for 463 miles  from  at the 8 N. 48 E. (the tripoint of Somaliland-Eithopia-Somalia) to Madaha Jalelo at the tripoint of Somaliland-Eithopia-Djibouti boundaries. The demarcation of the boundray and its marking with bollards was undertaken in the early 1930s.

The boundary between the Somaliland and Djibouti was finalised  in an agreement between Britain and France signed in February 1888 and the actual demarcation of the trijunction point of the British/French Somaliland and Ethiopia was delineated by the 1936 British Somaliland-Eithopia Boundary Commission.
Finally, the boundary between Somaliland and Somalia  was defined in the Anglo-Italian Protocol of May 1894.  This boundary, which was demarcated by an Anglo-Italian commission in 1929 runs very simply along the 49th longitude (49E), from the Gulf of Aden to latitude 9 degrees north, and then diagonally across to the intersection of the 48th longitude (48E) and latitude 8 N. The Somaliland boundary then runs west along the latitude 8 N which is the start of the boundary between Somaliland and Ethiopia.

Somaliland is of course addressing peacefully the issues relating to neighbouring clan based Puntland region of Somalia and its claim on swathes of Somaliland territory on the basis of clan kinship with Some of the Somaliland communities in the eastern regions of Sool and Sanag. The salient point though is that all the other Somaliland clans also live in areas that straddle the boundaries that  Somaliland has with either Ethiopia or with Djibouti, and similarly members of the same sub clan Puntland bases its claim on also live in the far south of Somalia, as well as across the boundary in Northern Kenya, therefore Puntland needs to stop claiming part of Somaliland territory.

Therefore we would like to inform The United Nations, African Union, European Union, Inter-Governmental Authority on Development, Ethiopia, Italy, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States and all the free world that we are extremely concerned by recent Farmaajo’s nasty political and security developments in the eastern part of Somaliland and that we will defend our god given and hard-earned political, economic, and security achievements in Somaliland that we enjoyed for the past 27 years.
We will not tolerate anymore attacks from Somalia, any activities that increase tensions leading to possible violence should be avoided at all costs.

Somaliland government is ready to engage a respectful discussions in the coming weeks and to use constitutional and peaceful means to resolve any differences.

Farmaajo, Abdiweli gaas and Keating’s unbalanced policy and strategy against Somaliland will never discourage the Somaliland citizens who built this great nation.

Your bad policy and sad strategy towards Somaliland will only make the already great Somaliland more greater.

Somaliland is the only functioning constitutional democracy in this troubled region without any international input and assistance, therefore the three of you will take full responsibility for what will happen in the region and its consequences.

Polite notice to Karmaajo, Be aware that your hatred policy and strategy against Somaliland will never discourage the Somaliland citizens who built this great nation which is the only functioning constitutional democracy in this troubled region without an international engagement and assistance. Therefore , you will take the responsibility for what is happening in the region and its consequences as well.

Today’s commemorates, 27 May 1988, the Day of reckoning for the military dictatorship in the Somali Republic.

Long live Somaliland

 
Ahmed Yasin Mohamed Jama

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OpEd: Recall Of Berbera Oil Storage Facilities – A Major Milestone

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Written by: Abdirahman Aideed

 

Majority of the public in Somaliland welcomed and aired their congratulations for the president of Somaliland (H.E. President Muse Behi) for his remarkable decision, August 2018, to recall the national oil storage facilities in Berbera from the hands of the currently run private company(ies) to remain under the management of the government.

The former president Silanyo government tabled a resolution/motion to the parliament in August 2015 to approve the privatization of the Oil Storage Facilities to private companies. The parliament objected the motion with majority ruling vote. However the government has overruled and implemented the decision with presidential degree by October 2015. A period of about three years of being run the property by the private companies, there were number of arguments in the public domain, as such arrangement tempted a number of risks to the public interest including slack quality control of the petroleum coming into the country and national security as well.  This debate heated up in April 2018 when a sub-standard petrol offloaded into the storage facility that has affected many vehicles as owners suffered heavy unaccounted financial loss for repairing the damaged machines by that poor quality fuel, and that is why the public are clapping for the action of the president. In socio-economic perspective we can mark it as “the SECOND MILESTONE” for President Behi, since he come into power.

Dear reader, let me remind you also the FIRST MILESTONE for President Muse Behi Abdi, which has happen in March 2018, , when a presidential letter/order released by the Minister of Public Works, Mr. Qambi, in a press conference. The minister explained in detail the message from the president, informing all government respected offices about the suspension of any tenure awarded for the natural seaway land in Berbera (aka Raasiga). This land of about 3.5 Km into the sea waters is a natural inland that remain untouched for centuries and safeguarded as national property by all subsequent administrations that ruled Berbera in history. The Raasiga is believed to be the comparative advantage that gave Berbera to have the importance of being a strategic sea port for centuries. The Behi’s predecessor of Mr. Silanyo government awarded property ownership deeds of Raasiga to business people and individuals that had an influence in the ruling regime. President’s decision of retaining the rights of Raasiga was also commended by the public and termed as the FIRST MILESTONE for President Muse Behi accomplishments of recollecting the national properties that has been privatized by those in power, before him, to themselves as beneficiaries and their respective closer friends, relatives and bogus political allies that later vanished.

Terminating buddy based contracts in Egal International airport and ensuring such diverted incomes go directly to the national income box was also another key THIRD MILESTONE for MBA. Though there are still some government duties that are franchised to private hands to, for instance, print various national tax stamps and logos etc., the majority of the public regarded this third milestone as the beginning of empowering tax collecting departments and upholding the government reputation.

Recovering the national properties and income sources is not an easy task and there are number of reasons for making the task challenging, these will include: First, prominent figures from the former ruling executive power under H.E. Silanyo are believed to have vested interests in those privatized projects. Secondly, such finger-pointed de-facto officers conserve deep-rooted support to a major constituencies that was among Behi’s voting centers, which has contributed President Behi’ s landslide victory to come to the Power House and hence touching below the belt of those individuals will implicate Behi’s political support and jeopardize for his intentions in next term elections. Thirdly, the opposition sustained a continuous pressure, which sometimes seems embedded with number of spicy ingredients on the President to weaken his political support status.  All these and plus are putting the president in a situation with least options to take drastic corrective actions in the system, and he may even sometimes opt sitting on the burning pans, despite being fiery and heatening.

 

Back to the topic, the Nationalised Oil Storage Complex in Berbera, implications are not easy either. This Presidential decision is coming in a situation where already other private companies are given permits and allowed to establish and construct their own oil/Fuel storages in the fuel port quarters by former Silanyo government. Envisaging such a trend it is understandable that privatised oil storage facilities constructions would ignite uneasy market competition with government owned facilities. The current allied company that was recently running the government facilities, could also demand to establish their own private Oil Storage facilities, because that path is already open, they can also use to store their imported supplies to privately owned storage facilities. This cites the scenario of the unchanged status quo of the national banks of the government in compare to the fast developed private banks., which could mean government oil storage facilities will same be only used by the government, should they not become dynamic and competitive in the market.  In that regard the re-nationalized government Oil Storage facilities perhaps can only commercially survive if the government retains the right of becoming the sole proprietor of such giant facilities in the country, like the norm and practice are in the region, especially in the port of Berbera, while oil importers will only be users of the facilities. See more on this in an earlier article on the same subject http://hadhwanaag.ca/detail.aspx?id=221181

 

However, there are number of awaited milestones, from the new president to accomplish:

  1. To recall the reserve lands for the port and free zone expansion, aka Noobiyadda area, as was the plan in history.
  2. To implement the issued order regarding the Raasiga area
  3. To initiate a law, or issue presidential degree of making clear demarcation of the state properties that only the government can own, run and manage vs. what properties the public or private sector can be engaged and to what level. For instance, can an individual or private company retain the ownership of (a) a sea port? (b) An airport? (c) An Oil well? (d) A mineral well/cave? (e) City water supply? (f) Fuel Storage complex at import/export hubs? (g)Export livestock health check quarantines/Mahjars? …….just to mention few.

 

In my view, I think such resources and facilities can only be run by a government on behalf of the ownership of the state.

 

Written by:

Abdirahman Aideed

abdiaideed11@gmail.com

 

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Baadigoob: Jawaabta Goobjoogayaasha Caalamiga ah

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Halkan Kala eeg Maqaal uu qoray Mr. Michael Walls, Madaxa Goobjoogayaasha Caalamiga ah ee Doorashadii Madaxtooyada Somaliland ee 2017kii. Farriintan ayuu Michael ku caddaynayaa arrimo muddadan dambeba dhex wareegayay baraha bulshada iyo tuhuno lagu faafiyay muuqaal lagu baahiyay baraha bulshada oo la yidhaahdo “Baadigoob”.

 

Halkan kala deg Maqaalka oo Faahfaahsan:

 

OpEd Somali

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OpEd: The Lost Intellectuals

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They live in a place where the tribalism is the major dream that the leaders in their country kill to hunt what they want to find. They live in a place where the only opportunity they can mostly get is a life that is related to their heredity family prosperity or clan based opportunity that they cannot learn anything more; where an international NGO/INGO’s go after their rights, because there are no more opportunity they can get.  Every new authority promise to develop somewhere  or something but after they get the lead position they tend to spent their time and money many vehicles and new houses  for billions of money. Where none of them is aware about even the name of their country; or the passport of their own country.

In each year they try to improve and support their society just for dream; they defeat their government on  all the social media  for  hope; they support every one promise unity of their community and developing of their countries production because of hope; in each year of election they expect new change and support for  bright future but after another few years of dream and wishes they nearly lost all their dream; and they lost like nothing until their sight  is dark  in every other way of dream.

The youth which are almost finish their first generation in a dream seasons; were there are more politicians but their sense of politician is not rather  of  having  a big houses; cars and eat good food at  homes; where even they do not think about how they find for it; and they are mostly from outside of the country and they send their children to the most popular university and they send their family and wives to the most beautiful countries and they just visit for rest; while they block  the right of the street children.  The mother that don’t sleep because of worry; gets up early in the morning or midnight around 3:am to feed her  an orphan child; or the single mother that her husband lost any opportunity to have a work or don’t even  consider  his children anymore and busy for feeding his self-non-sense grass like goats all the day and night.

The right of the child in 20 years of age who is already lost in African coastal area and the sea animal have hunted him; most beautiful African girls that lost their most important body in the African coastal and their hunger poor mothers faces is unknown because of sadness and worry; which has many of them effected with diseases in the coastal area; all this does not make any sense to our politicians until his children are safe  and in beautiful country that a leader of his age, mind and power to make it a country that everybody likes it; a youth have a leader who campaign to support them and improve their future life but cannot even have any dream to step forward; no more foot print; no real dream; a youth which have a coastal area of more than 360 feet who do not know how to live  for it and have no   power to learn and cannot across where  their families  are from because of tribalism and lack of leadership.

A  youth which cannot learn any more about government because of their heredity leadership tribalism; a youth which are just separate because of where  their families  are from and cannot make a change any more; a youth which their maturity is after 30 years old and death for worry diseases and do not know where to go and what to do even in that age; a youth which their intellectuals got mad after more think and lack of leadership; a youth which have the most powerful mentally and physically but cannot do any more because of leadership situation; a youth which have not any role model; a youth which have no motivation; a youth which cannot realize their dream; a youth which are ready to change their people, country, and mind but have not any support; a youth which have no  power to eliminate to bring new ideas; a youth who live in a country while  the leaders are the business men’s, doctors, telecommunications, and everybody  of their families  have a department of the authority without any humanity.

The question doesn’t the street child is citizen? Why educative citizen cannot do a work that an international citizen take a lot of money in the country? Why the community are separate and not support each other? Isn’t that because of selfish campaign tribalism? Why they teach the others out of their nation where they from I mean which clan they are? Is it the leadership? If it’s not the leading why the religion make equal brotherhood on all the different individuals that become Muslim when the prophet (csw) was spreading the religion? If it is not then why all American people mention that they are just American from that city? Why and why?

 

Written by:

Amran Abdirahman 

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